Encyclopedia :: Turquoise stones. Photo 1
Turquoise - a stone of happiness

Color : opaque - from light to dark blue or blue-green

Mineral : is the water (hydrated), phosphate, copper and aluminum, but aluminum can be partially replaced by iron oxide Turquoise, which does not contain iron, painted in various shades of blue - from sky-blue to the color of Prussian blue, the presence of iron gives the stone is usually a greenish tint, which can be amplified to such an extent that the mineral is yellowish-green to apple-green (Al6Su ( OH) 8 (PO4) 4 * 5H2O )

Origin of the name : Turquoise (turquoise) owes its name to the French word Turkey (from pierre turquoise - Turkish stone)
Russian name comes from the Persian word "Firouz," which means "victorious, bringing happiness"

Match zodiac sign : recommended born under the sign of Sagittarius

Care stone : Turquoise is a rather unstable chemically, it can easily absorb grease, absorbs the moisture, under the influence of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of air gradually loses its sky-blue color and is made of green In the sun it slowly fade, so that the average life span of stone not exceeding twenty years If you lost a turquoise sheen, become green, it means that her life was finished, and say that she "died"

From the history of rock Turquoise and other green minerals of phosphates, which have resemblance, were, no doubt, attributed by Pliny to the three stones with similar names - callais, callaina and callaica, which he describes in some detail So, he says, "like kallais sapphire in color, but it is more pale and more like a water stain near the sea shore" Buddhists worshiped turquoise, because it has been associated with superstition, according to which it is due to her Buddha managed to destroy a monster
called Turquoise stone of victory and happiness It was considered a military mascot Especially worshiped the Aztec turquoise-Indians of Central America: their leaders were buried with ornaments made of turquoise Turquoise - the national stone of Persian (Iranian) people, to the Persian legends, turquoise was formed from the bones of people who died of love In Egypt, the carved images of turquoise scarab beetles sacred The very name of the mineral comes from the Persian word "Firuz" - "victorious" In the Moscow Kremlin kept the throne of Tsar Boris Godunov, with large high-grade turquoise inlays But the Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible did not like the jewelry of turquoise He believed that turquoise, loses its color, heralds the death of

Medicinal properties: hung around his neck, heavy bleeding moderates Facilitates patients suffering from jaundice Useful for headaches

Mystical Properties : symbolizes wealth (East), love (West), eternal youth and eternal hope (especially in light colors)
stone of happiness, according to other sources represents a whim, and color change threatens marital infidelity Turquoise is a mass of small crystals of the porous structure, so before washing hands should always be removed with a turquoise ring to protect it from pollution, as well as from the action of water, which, penetrating into the stone, could adversely affect its hue

Synonyms: Biryuzait (Agatha), stone arabic, Aztec stone, the stone of heaven, Callao, spar azure

deposits : Mongolia Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan
Development turquoise in the Sinai Peninsula are the most ancient of existing mines Turquoise Mining began there as early as 6000 g BC e Egyptian pharaohs sent for turquoise thousand prisoners slaves in waterless deserts of Sinai Turquoise is nowhere to be found in the form of large lumps or solid masses The biggest piece of turquoise weighing about 50 g

mineralogical characteristics : Turquoise - polycrystalline opaque mineral, glass, or a waxy luster and brilliant sky-blue color, caused by the presence of copper Cu The impurity iron Fe gives the dominant sky-blue color light greenish tint Very rare and transparent prismatic crystals of bright turquoise blue color Because of the relatively low hardness of turquoise is usually not subjected to cutting and reduce a decoration in the form of rounded stones of regular shape called cabochon

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